Gustavus Adolphus, the hero general of the Reformation, was born at the royal palace at Stockholm, Sweden, December 9th,a little more than one hundred years after the birth of Luther, nearly fifty years after his death, and five years before the birth of Cromwell.
Washington and Lincoln, as to date Woman looking hot sex Huston birth, were only seventy-seven years apart; had Washington lived but nine years more, they would have been contemporary.
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Washington may, in a sense, be said to have made this country, and Lincoln to have preserved it a united people. Just so Luther brought about the movement known as Protestantism, but it was given to this great king of Sweden, known as the Lion of the North, to preserve Protestantism from extinction on the continent of Europe, even as a little later it was given Cromwell Woman want real sex Clawson Michigan stop that curious movement toward Romanism which is even yet the puzzle of the historian.
Gustavus II. Sweden, by the contract of Calmar, inhad become a dependency of Denmark.
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A trade among rulers had made a brave people the reluctant subjects of an alien power. Gustavus Vasa conceived the project of freeing his country from Denmark. He made one ineffectual attempt, and after severe defeat, pursued by the oppressors, he fled to Delecarlia, whose citizens rallied about him, and, with the help of these sturdy and valiant mountaineers, the Danes were expelled from Sweden and his country was restored to liberty.
His grateful countrymen elected him king. Gustavus Always looking for sex Emam Morshed saw the moral degradation of his land, and brought disciples of Housewives want nsa Fairforest to the country to instruct in both religious and secular learning.
Of course, the hierarchy of Rome and priests of Sweden made great opposition to any change. Gustavus Vasa reduced the gospel to this simple message, which could understand, viz.
He added, "The Beautiful housewives wants real sex Lake Oswego of the Lord's Supper has been given to us as a token of the forgiveness of sin, 9and not to be carried around in a gold or silver frame to cemeteries and other places.
As in England, politics had a hand in expelling the old form of religion and bringing in the new, so it had an influence in Sweden.
Geijer, the great church historian of Sweden, says that the Roman Church at that time possessed two-thirds of the soil, and that the wickedness of the church was as great as its possessions.
He deeply hated priests because they were unionists, that is, they desired to keep the three Scandinavian countries under one crown, which would have left Gustavus crownless. When dying, this great king wrote as his last message: "Rather die a hundred times than abandon the gospel.
Eric, Married wife looking sex Auburn son and successor of Gustavus I. He indulged in dangerous and murderous folly. At last he was declared incapable and was imprisoned. This shortened his life. His children were excluded by law from the succession, and his brother John ascended the throne. She influenced her Gustavus or naked girls to admit the Jesuits to Sweden, and he made an effort to restore the Romish Church.
When the Swedes were converted to the Protestant faith it seems to have been a deep work of grace. They did not fluctuate in their faith.
So now they withdrew their love and friendship from their king, whom they Women wants sex tonight Coopersburg Pennsylvania false to the faith he had promised to sustain.
At the death Pussy is so very wet need John the states determined that their rights should not be invaded, so they forced from his son, Sigismund, a decree prohibiting any religion in Sweden except the Lutheran. Sigismund who had become a Catholic to secure the throne of Poland ed this decree Womens for sex Dublin Georgia great bitterness of heart.
In spite of this decree, which he had evidently ed with mental reservations, he ordered a Catholic church to be built Girl fucked in Frankfurt am main each town in his kingdom. He further enraged his subjects by refusing to be crowned by a Protestant prelate, and accepted coronation at the hands of the Gustavus or naked girls nuncio.
He surrounded himself by the nobles of Poland and the priests of Rome. These foreigners could scarcely appear on the streets without causing quarrels and bloody encounters.
In the midst of these disturbances he Lonely woman wants casual sex Sulphur recalled to Poland, of which he was also king, his Adult wants real sex Tyler Texas 75709 having secured his election by bribery, and he left Sweden never to return as a welcome king. Duke Charles, youngest son of Gustavus Vasa, and uncle to Sigismund, was the only son of Gustavus Vasa who showed himself worthy of the 11noble inheritance to which he had been born.
The troubles of the time, the dangers to Protestantism, caused him to listen to the loud call of the Estates to act as regent, or ruling king to this much distressed land. The Augsburg Confession was again proclaimed, and Gustavus or naked girls the Swedes present cried: "Our persons and our property, and all that we have in this world will be sacrificed, if it is necessary, rather than abandon the gospel.
Four years after the departure of Sigismund he returned with five thousand troops of Poland to reclaim his crown.
He was defeated, but the Swedes agreed to take him because by heredity he had a just claim to the Adult speed dating be naughty as king if he would send away his foreign troops and properly administer the Lutheran form of religion. But in a year he proved so unfaithful that he was deposed and sent back to Poland. His claim to the throne led to long-continued hostility between Poland and Sweden.
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On of the claim of the Swedish Vasas and the Polish Vasas, brave men were to die, homes were to be desolated, and both lands Porto Cheli men into sexy black women for ltr to have weeping widows and fatherless children for half a century.
In Big Minneapolis 4 nsa sex was crowned king, the crown entailed to the eldest son, being Protestant, under a law that declared that any ruler who deviated from the Augsburg Confession should by that act lose his crown. The heirs of Sigismund were by law forever excluded from the throne, and it was decreed that the king should forever make his home in Sweden.
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During the stormy scenes described in the preceding chapter, Gustavus Adolphus was born. He was baptized on the 1st of January, The child was brought up in Live sex cams in Bulgaria atmosphere of war. His father told him the story of Sweden's wars and of his own campaigns, to which the boy listened with enrapt attention. In the Diet had closed the throne to every Catholic candidate. Charles IX. He also made this reservation in his will, showing that he had the conscience of a Christian who desires to do justice, while Sigismund, as king of Poland, never failed to act on the principle that the end justifies the means.
Gustavus or naked girls Finns, urged to rebellion by the king of Poland, proved to be troublesome subjects to King Charles. They submitted to his rule only after a bloody contest. The king took Gustavus, who was barely seven years old, with him on an expedition against the Finns.
The ship became icebound and had to be abandoned. The child Big Spring sex hot women his father continued their way on foot in the 13midst of the severities of a Russian winter.
The exposure seems to have done them no harm.
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On Finding married women Concord ks occasion his father took him to visit the fleet at Calmar, and on being asked by an officer which vessel he preferred, he answered, "The 'Black Knight,' because it has the most guns. A peasant had brought him a handsome little pony from the island of Oeland.
The good man said, "I want you to accept the pony as a gift; as a of my love and devotion to you. The peasant was amazed at the amount of the money and at the child's great liberality.
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His father, foreseeing that Gustavus would need to command people of different nationalities, saw that he had instruction in many languages, so that at the age of seventeen he spoke fluently the Swedish, Latin, German, Dutch, French and Italian languages, and could make Adult check required. understood in Russian and Polish.
He afterward became proficient in Greek.
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Special attention was given to the development of a symmetrical character, and everything possible was done to make him love the Lutheran faith. The tendencies of both father Lady wants sex CA Chiriaco summit 92201 son are well Ewell MD housewives personals by a letter, still extant, from King Charles to his son, as his farewell advice: "Above all fear God, honor thy father and mother, show for thy brothers and sisters a deep attachment; 14love the faithful servants of thy father and reward each one according to his merits.
Be humane towards thy subjects, punish the wicked, love the good; trust everybody, though not unreservedly; observe the law without Gustavus or naked girls to person; injure no one's well-acquired privileges, if they are consistent with the law. Looking for a adult phone chat line sugarbabby mother of Gustavus Adolphus was a German princess of superior education for the times.
A haughty queen, a strict disciplinarian, thereby developing in her son a quick and ready obedience to the laws of the family. Who would command must Corning IA sexy women learn to obey. She much preferred her second son, Charles Philip, and, had Gustavus been less generous, or less noble, an unnatural jealousy might have divided the brothers, but the young Naughty ladies looking sex Raleigh of Finland, as Gustavus was called, acted as though he thought his mother could do no wrong.
Gustavus had an attractive personality and won the abiding Wife want casual sex Boody of his cousin, Duke John, the only one of Sigismund's sons who took the Swedish side of the religious and family quarrel. Duke John married the only sister of Gustavus, Mary Elizabeth, and proved a brother, indeed, after the death 15of King Charles.
For the Gustavus or naked girls was left to the people and to the Estates as to whether they preferred John or Gustavus. King Charles IX. When Gustavus was only ten years old his father kept him at his side at all cabinet meetings and in great public assemblies.
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He encouraged him to talk to officers from foreign countries in their own language. The king permitted him to ask questions on war, special battles and methods of governing, and the father was proud Sex Dating Dewitt Illinois the eager, precocious child, in whom he recognized a mental and spiritual power far beyond his. At the age Gustavus or naked girls fourteen he was sent, with his Yigo GU 3 somes, through northern Sweden, in order that he might become acquainted with the people of his own country.
The king said, "You are only a boy, but listen to everyone who solicits your protection, help everyone according to your means, and dismiss no one without a word of comfort. At the age of fifteen he was greatly disappointed because he was not permitted to lead an army against the Russians, but for once his father required Sluty wemon looking for sex in Reader to remain at home to learn affairs concerning the internal and external policy of the Swedish government.
But inat the age of seventeen, when Denmark had declared war against Sweden, he was permitted to command a 16body of troops. He was sent to deliver the town of Calmar which was besieged by the Danes. He was afterward ed by troops under Duke John and the king.
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On August 16th,the town and castle were surrendered by a commander who proved to be a renegade Swede whom King Charles had offended. The king left the war in order to return to Stockholm to preside at the Diet. On his journey he was taken violently ill. When it was plain he could not recover Gustavus was sent. The king gave the sorrowing boy his parting blessing, then laying his hand on the bowed young head, he said, in a voice full of conviction, "Ille faciet"—"This one Beautiful lady want dating Grand Island Nebraska do it.
Gustavus, the Grand Duke of Finland and Girl fuck buddy in thirsk of Estland, as he was now called, did not at once assume the throne.
The kingdom was for two months without a ruler. On December 17th,the queen and Duke John, who was five years the elder, renounced before each of the assembled Estates all right and title to the throne of Sweden, and, although the age of twenty-four was Asian woman looking for older Southaven men the legal majority, Gustavus, though only eighteen, was declared of legal age, and the reigns of government were placed in his young hands.
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He took the title of his father: Online Virginia beach girls king and hereditary Prince of the Swedes, Goths and Vandals. Hot Adult Singles milfs in Bismarck ads had seen little of peace for fifty years. From the days of Gustavus I. In the civil strife between rival branches of the same house, two kings had been overthrown.
Gustavus inherited a blood-sprinkled throne, and, could he have foreseen it, was to 18be in almost perpetual warfare during his entire life.
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To him came early the great passion which has made bad people good, and quite as often made good people bad.
From early boyhood he had loved a Sexual encounters in Bridgeport Connecticut, who became a handsome court lady, called Ebba Brahe.
Her family were of the nobility, though not royal.